Title: The role of Italian incubators and Science Parks in the Triple-Helix era. The hybrid model developed in Lombardy

Authors: Cinzia Colapinto

Addresses: Department of Management, Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Fondamenta San Giobbe – Cannaregio, 873, 30121 Venezia, Italy

Abstract: Many researchers have shown that regional economic growth is linked to technology transfer and high-tech firm output of Science Parks and business incubators. Indeed, incubation can be a successful and complementary tool for university development. Searching for the success factors of Italian centres, the paper highlights that in the Milan sub-region is evident with the existence of the traditional trilateral networks, in which hybrid organisations are created to facilitate the exploitation and exchanges of knowledge, as well as value creation. Network-based innovation programs and tools, as the incubator of incubators model, are especially beneficial in the Italian entrepreneurial context.

Keywords: entrepreneurial universities; science parks; business incubators; Triple Helix model; incubator of incubators; network-based innovation; Italy; regional development; economic growth; technology transfer; high tech firms; high technology.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTE.2011.043726

International Journal of Technoentrepreneurship, 2011 Vol.2 No.3/4, pp.290 - 303

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 14 Nov 2011 *

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