Title: Special Introduction: Convergence of Science Parks, Centres and Clusters: From Creative Destruction to Creative Reconstruction in a Triple Helix Regime

Authors: Henry Etzkowitz

Addresses: Stanford University, USA

Abstract: A series of organisational mechanisms have been invented to foster innovation, typically inspired by the need to facilitate boundary crossing within and among organisations. In the past, many of these initiatives were relatively isolated from each other with, for example, clusters focusing on business development, centres on inter-disciplinary academic research and science parks on hosting R&D units of firms and government agencies. A process of creative reconstruction is identified in which innovation mechanisms converge; incorporating aspects of each other|s remits into their own. A Triple Helix dynamic is thus instituted in which university-industry-government collaborations become a driving force for regional economic and social development.

Keywords: science parks; clusters; research centres; innovation mechanisms; Triple Helix; creative reconstruction; regional development; university-industry-government collaboration.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTE.2011.043721

International Journal of Technoentrepreneurship, 2011 Vol.2 No.3/4, pp.210 - 226

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 14 Nov 2011 *

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