Title: How does the non-profit economy affect entrepreneurship?

Authors: Sandrine Emin; Nathalie Schieb-Bienfait

Addresses: IUT, Université d'Angers, 4 Boulevard Lavoisier BP 42018, 49016 Angers, France. ' IEMN-IAE, Université de Nantes, Chemin de la Censive du Tertre, 44 Nantes, France

Abstract: How and on what basis can we can analyse the entrepreneurial process in the non-profit sector? This article is based on a critical discussion of four paradigms – value creation, innovation, business opportunity and creation of organisation – analysed by Verstraete and Fayolle (2005). We examine how these four paradigms can help analyse social entrepreneurship. We suggest that the non-profit sector challenges these four paradigms of entrepreneurship. They suffer from limitations due to assumptions that are not compatible with the non-profit sector. Lastly we conclude that a new set of assumptions should be introduced to provide new insight into social entrepreneurship.

Keywords: non-profit economy; social entrepreneurship; paradigm; value creation; innovation; business opportunity; organisation creation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2011.043470

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2011 Vol.14 No.4, pp.456 - 477

Available online: 01 Nov 2011 *

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