Title: Cultural capital and European entrepreneurship research: a plea for a paradigm focusing on national, corporate and professional cultural capital

Authors: Ineke Jenniskens, Jan Ulijn, Simon Tywuschik

Addresses: University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands. ' Open University of the Netherlands, Kennispoort 5.18, J.F. Kennedylaan 2, NL-5600 AS Eindhoven, The Netherlands. ' IMD International, Chemin de Bellerive 23, P.O. Box 915, CH-1001 Lausanne, Switzerland

Abstract: Innovation and entrepreneurship have been examined from many different angles and theoretical perspectives. Linkages between national cultural assets and entrepreneurship activity, however, constitute a niche in contemporary research. In this paper, we argue that the level of entrepreneurship is contingent upon the cultural environment in which it takes place. Further, we argue that cultural environments can be broadly assigned to two distinct settings, with one being roughly equivalent to the US and the second to the European cultural context. As most theoretical work explaining links between entrepreneurship and culture refers to the first cultural context, a new theoretical paradigm must be developed in order to explain entrepreneurship within the European setting. Departing from Bourdieu|s capital theory, we develop conceptual elements for this new European paradigm and conclude our paper with recommendations in terms of research questions and research methods.

Keywords: entrepreneurship research; innovation management; scientific theories; science; research paradigms; professional cultures; diversity management; professionals; national cultures; professions; corporate cultures; linkages; cultural assets; entrepreneurship activity; cultural environments; USA; United States; cultural contexts; capital theories; Pierre Bourdieu; social capital; human capital; cultural capital; Europe; small and medium-sized enterprises; SMEs; entrepreneurs.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2011.042162

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2011 Vol.14 No.1, pp.39 - 55

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 30 Aug 2011 *

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