Title: The role of UN Environment Programme and the US Environmental Protection Agency in global Supply Chain Networks performance

Authors: Shanthakumar Palaniswami, Lawrence O. Jenicke, Hyungu Kang, Patrick A. Okonkwo, Sean P. Goffnett

Addresses: Center for Supply Chain Management, Central Michigan University, 200 Smith Hall, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859, USA. ' Center for Supply Chain Management, Central Michigan University, 200 Smith Hall, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859, USA. ' Center for Supply Chain Management, Central Michigan University, 200 Smith Hall, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859, USA. ' Center for Supply Chain Management, Central Michigan University, 200 Smith Hall, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859, USA. ' Center for Supply Chain Management, Central Michigan University, 200 Smith Hall, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859, USA

Abstract: Environmental degradation has been a major issue for all nations and societies since the Industrial Revolution. Various organisations promote awareness and help to design and manage Environmental Management Systems (EMSs) in supply chain networks as delineated in the Macro Environmental Management Model. In this paper, the authors discuss the role and activities of two influential organisations, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), and briefly overview environmental performance of China and India. The above-mentioned organisations have had significant impact on global supply chains, and are illustrated with selected case studies and data.

Keywords: UNEP; United Nations Environment Programme; UN; USA; EPA; United States; Environmental Protection Agency; SCM; supply chain management; supply chain networks; environmental performance; EMS; environmental management systems; hazardous waste; global supply chains; network performance; environmental degradation; industrial revolution; environmental awareness; macro management; China; India; environmental laws; legislation; clean air; environmental quality; deepwater ports; waterways safety; Superfund programme; compensation; liability; natural environment; logistics systems; logistics management.

DOI: 10.1504/IJLSM.2011.042052

International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 2011 Vol.10 No.1, pp.53 - 69

Published online: 23 Aug 2011 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article