Title: Life cycle evaluation strategies of biodiesel fuel along the supply chain in public transport

Authors: David M. Nelson, Mark A. Vonderembse, S. Subba Rao

Addresses: Department of Information Operations and Technology Management, College of Business Administration, University of Toledo, Stranahan Hall, Office ST-4027, 2801 West Bancroft, Toledo, OH 43606, USA. ' Department of Information Operations and Technology Management, Institute for Supply Chain Management and Information Assurance, College of Business Administration, University of Toledo, Stranahan Hall, Office ST-4044, 2801 West Bancroft, Toledo, OH 43606, USA. ' Department of Information Operations and Technology Management, College of Business Administration, University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft, Toledo, OH 43606, USA

Abstract: Supply chain sustainability has been reflected over time in three dimensions: environment/nature, economic, and social. The metrics of each have been investigated with a primary focus on environment/nature. This study will encompass defined boundaries and metrics for life cycle assessment, based on both life cycle costs and inventory along the supply chain for bio-diesel fuel use in public transport vehicles. Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) facilitates Life Cycle Management (LCM), enhancing supply chain sustainability.

Keywords: LCA; life cycle assessment; life cycle analysis; ecobalance; evaluation strategies; biodiesel fuels; sustainability; sustainable development; life cycle costs; environmental dimensions; economic dimensions; social dimensions; public transport; natural environment; nature; life cycle inventories; life cycle management; motor vehicles; SCM; supply chain management; global supply chains; globalisation; logistics systems; logistics management.

DOI: 10.1504/IJLSM.2011.041505

International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, 2011 Vol.9 No.2, pp.186 - 203

Available online: 25 Jul 2011 *

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