Title: Is there any difference between haemostatic effects of non-radioactive and radioactive lantern mantle powder?

Authors: S.M.J. Mortazavi, M. Atefi, P. Roshan-shomal, N. Raadpey, G. Mortazavi

Addresses: Radiology Department, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; The Center for Radiological Sciences Research, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. ' The Center for Radiological Sciences Research, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. ' The Center for Radiological Sciences Research, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. ' The Center for Radiological Sciences Research, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. ' School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract: The haemostatic effect of burned radioactive lantern mantles powder is investigated. Forty one male Wistar rats were divided randomly into three groups. Following anaesthesia, animals| tails were cut off. The volume of blood loss, bleeding time and clotting time in control animals were 4.07 ± 1.69 cc, 127.73 ± 44.98 sec and 107.27 ± 51.11 sec, respectively. In the second group, the animals were treated with a non-radioactive lantern mantle, and these figures were 2.34 ± 0.70 cc, 54.50 ± 8.75 sec and 22.9 ± 15.34 sec, respectively. In the third group, the animals were treated with a radioactive lantern mantle, and these figures were 1.54 ± 1.69 cc, 39.54 ± 44.98 sec and 36.62 ± 51.11 sec, respectively. These results clearly show significant alterations in the volume of blood loss, as well as the bleeding or clotting time, following the topical use of the non-radioactive and radioactive lantern mantle powder.

Keywords: non-radioactive lantern mantles; radioactive lantern mantles; haemostasis; bleeding; haemorrhage; radioactive; thorium; blood loss; bleeding time; clotting time; lantern mantle powder; haemostatic effects.

DOI: 10.1504/IJLR.2011.040644

International Journal of Low Radiation, 2011 Vol.8 No.1, pp.1 - 9

Available online: 12 Jun 2011 *

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