Title: Evaluation of atmospheric particle dispersion at a contaminated mine using biomonitors

Authors: Hossain M. Anawar, Nuno Canha, Maria do Carmo Freitas

Addresses: Unit of Reactors and Nuclear Safety, Nuclear and Technological Institute, Estrada Nacional 10, 2686-953 Sacavem, Portugal. ' Unit of Reactors and Nuclear Safety, Nuclear and Technological Institute, Estrada Nacional 10, 2686-953 Sacavem, Portugal. ' Unit of Reactors and Nuclear Safety, Nuclear and Technological Institute, Estrada Nacional 10, 2686-953 Sacavem, Portugal

Abstract: This study has carried out the assessment of magnitude of toxic elements contamination in and around the Sao Domingos mining area, a copper-sulphide open pit mine, and atmospheric transport of above elements by using lichens and Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Samples of the epiphytic lichen Evernia prunastri and soils were collected. The concentrations of As, Sb, Fe and Zn were very high in all of the soils and lichens: the highest levels were recorded in the lichens sampled close to tailings pile sites and diluted with distance. The concentrations of As, Sb and other elements in the lichen were much higher than the regional background level reflecting the high magnitude of contamination. Patterns of bioaccumulation of elements throughout the study area were quite similar for widespread pollutants such as As, Sb, Zn and Fe. The results showed that lichens are important biomonitors of terrestrial and atmospheric pollution in mining-affected areas.

Keywords: biomonitors; lichens; soil contamination; mine tailings; chemical elements; NAA; neutron activation analysis; atmospheric dispersion; health risk; biomonitoring; copper sulphide open pit mining; particle dispersion; atmospheric particles; air pollution; air quality; epiphytic lichens; Evernia prunastri; bioaccumulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJENVH.2011.039858

International Journal of Environment and Health, 2011 Vol.5 No.1/2, pp.84 - 92

Published online: 22 Apr 2011 *

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