Title: A critical assessment of the financialisation process and its impact on the US labour force during the great recession

Authors: Aurelie Charles, Giuseppe Fontana

Addresses: Bradford University School of Management, University of Bradford, Emm Lane, Bradford, BD9 4JL, UK. ' Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9T, UK; Facolta di Scienze Economiche e Aziendali (SEA), University of Sannio, Via delle Puglie, 82 – 82100 Benevento, Italy

Abstract: This paper analyses two main features of the financialisation period, namely: 1) the replacement of the |originate and hold| banking model with the |originate and distribute| banking model; 2) the securitisation process of structured finance products. These features have produced remarkable changes in the nature and role of banks and financial markets in modern economies. The paper shows that these remarkable changes together with inadequate governance arrangements and relaxed supervision by regulatory authorities have led to an increasing role of financial intermediaries and managers in the economy, which in turn, has had substantial stratification effects on employment and income opportunities of different occupations, gender and ethnic groups of the US labour force during the great recession.

Keywords: financialisation; great recession; securitisation; ethnic inequality; gender inequality; recessions; USA; United States; labour force; banks; banking; hold models; originate models; distribute models; distribution models; structured finance products; financial markets; inadequate governance; relaxed supervision; regulatory authorities; regulation; financial intermediaries; financial managers; economy; stratification; employment; income opportunities; unemployment; occupations; ethnic groups; men; women; public policy; economic policies; alternative paradigms.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPP.2011.039578

International Journal of Public Policy, 2011 Vol.7 No.1/2/3, pp.97 - 111

Published online: 14 Jan 2015 *

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