Authors: Lihong Zheng, Xiangjian He, Qiang Wu, Bijan Samali
Addresses: School of Computing and Mathematics, Charles Sturt University, Locked Bag 588, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales 2678, Australia. ' Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, P.O. Box 123, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia. ' Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, P.O. Box 123, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia. ' Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, P.O. Box 123, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia
Abstract: In a real time, automatic licence plate recognition system, licence detection, character segmentation and character recognition are three important components. All these three components generally require high accuracy and fast recognition speed to process. In this paper, general processing steps for license plate recognition (LPR) are addressed. After three types of combined classifiers are introduced and compared, a hierarchically combined classifier is designed based on an inductive learning-based method and an support vector machine (SVM)-based classification. This approach employs the inductive learning-based method to roughly divide all classes into smaller groups. Then, the SVM approach is used for character classification in individual groups. Having obtained a collection of samples of characters in advance from licence plates after licence detection and character segmentation steps, some known samples are available for training. After the training process, the inductive learning rules are extracted for rough classification and the parameters used for SVM-based classification are obtained. Then, a classification tree is constructed for next fast training and testing processes based on SVMs. The experimental results show that the hierarchically combined classifier is better than either the inductive learning-based classification or the SVM-based classification with a lower error rate and a faster processing speed.
Keywords: licence plate recognition; classification tree; hierarchically combined classifier; licence detection; character segmentation; character recognition; car number plates; licence plates; inductive learning; support vector machines; SVM.
International Journal of Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications, 2011 Vol.10 No.2, pp.189 - 202
Published online: 11 Mar 2011 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article