Title: Household waste recovery and recycling: a case study of Kigoma-Ujiji, Tanzania

Authors: Shahriar Shams, Chikira Ibrahimu

Addresses: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Manchester, Oxford Road M13 9PL, Manchester, UK. ' Sokoine University of Agriculture, Faculty of Science, Physical Sciences Department, P.O. Box 3038, Morogoro, Tanzania

Abstract: Management of waste in most developing countries has become important for most of the cities as they try to curb and control city growth and urbanisation. The general norm where waste management had been the sole duty of municipalities has proved not to work due to lack of funds, public participation, political will and awareness. This paper looks at the general problems faced in household waste recovery and recycling, with a case study from Tanzania. A process scheme that consists of public participation, costs, social acceptance, economic benefits, and hygiene is considered. The overall conclusion is that there is a need for government commitment and general involvement of the public. The setting up of recycling industries will also ease the situation and at the same time create employment for the people.

Keywords: composting; Kigoma-Ujiji; recovery; recycling; solid waste; waste generation; Tanzania.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESD.2003.003851

International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, 2003 Vol.2 No.4, pp.412 - 424

Available online: 27 Jan 2004 *

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