Title: Carbon emission trading in India and Sri Lanka

Authors: G.D. Sardana, S.W.S.B. Dasanayaka

Addresses: Birla Institute of Management Technology, Knowledge Park II, Greater Noida-201306, India. ' Department of Management of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka

Abstract: Kyoto Protocol has established three trading mechanisms, namely International Emission Trading (IET), Joint Implementation (JI) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) which enable industrialised countries to achieve carbon emission reduction targets as economically as possible. Out of these three mechanisms, CDM is the most important mechanism for the developing countries. CDM allows the carbon emission reductions achieved in developing countries from environmentally friendly projects to be transferred to developed countries so that the developed countries could use credits from emission reducing projects undertaken in developing countries towards meeting their emission reduction targets. Several developing countries, including India and Sri Lanka have taken initiatives to develop CDM projects. However, implementation of CDM projects has met various difficulties. This paper examines some of these difficulties and suggests improvements to achieve better results.

Keywords: technology transfer; certified emission reduction; clean development mechanism; CDM; Kyoto Protocol; KP; carbon emissions; emission trading; India; Sri Lanka; developing countries.

DOI: 10.1504/IER.2010.037904

Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, 2010 Vol.11 No.2/3, pp.162 - 177

Published online: 05 Jan 2011 *

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