Title: Selective decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide into phenol and acetone over nanocrystalline ZSM-5

Authors: K. Praveen Kumar, Rosilda Selvin, Prajitha Kumari, L. Selva Roselin, N. Sabari Arul, M. Bououdina

Addresses: Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Lunghwa University of Science and Technology, 300, Wan-shou Rd., Sec. 1, Kueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan. ' Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Lunghwa University of Science and Technology, 300, Wan-shou Rd., Sec. 1, Kueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan. ' Department of Science and Humanities, National Institute of Technology, NIT Calicut, Kerala, India. ' Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National Central University, Jhong-Li, 320, Taiwan. ' Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Lunghwa University of Science and Technology, 300, Wan-shou Rd., Sec. 1, Kueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan. ' Nanotechnology Center; Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Bahrain, P.O. Box 32038, Kingdom of Bahrain

Abstract: Phenol is an industrially important chemical, generally produced via sulphuric acid catalysed decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide (CHP). The effluent containing the acid used as catalyst has to be neutralised and extracted to avoid corrosion and environmental problems. In the current work, a simple process was developed based on the use of nanocrystalline ZSM-5 (Si/Al = 100) catalyst. The catalyst was characterised by XRD, SEM, TEM, DLS and FT-IR analyses. The activity of this catalyst was tested for the liquid-phase decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide. The effects of various parameters such as, catalyst weight, catalyst particle size, concentration of CHP, reaction temperature and reusability of catalyst were studied. It was observed that the nanocrystalline ZSM-5 with smaller particle size showed superior activity. In addition, these catalysts have excellent reusability and can be used instead of sulphuric acid for selective decomposition of CHP into phenol and acetone with 100% conversion.

Keywords: decomposition; cumene hydroperoxide; CHP; nanozeolite; solid acid catalysts; nanocrystalline ZSM-5; phenol; acetone; nanotechnology; catalyst weight; particle size; reaction temperature; reusability.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2010.035166

International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation, 2010 Vol.1 No.3/4, pp.417 - 425

Published online: 10 Sep 2010 *

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