Title: Integrated 3D physical-numerical modelling for simulating bioremediation of petroleum contamination in heterogeneous subsurface environment
Authors: Imran Maqsood, Bin Luo
Addresses: Environmental Systems Engineering Program, Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan S4S 0A2, Canada. ' Manitoba Ministry of Water Stewardship, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3J 3W3, Canada
Abstract: This study presents physical-numerical modelling of petroleum contaminant transport and enhanced in situ bioremediation in heterogeneous subsurface environment. The approach is based on development of a three-dimensional multi-layered physical model coupled with a three-dimensional multiphase multi-component numerical model. An experimental scheme was designed to conduct 40-day benzene transport, followed by 17-day enhanced bioremediation. The results show a significant reduction in benzene levels in the enhanced process, demonstrating that the physical model was effective in facilitating the realisation of the remediation technology. Moreover, the results indicate that numerical model was capable of predicting the bioremediation process and supporting decisions of groundwater remediation.
Keywords: 3D modelling; environmental pollution; physical modelling; numerical modelling; simulation; bioremediation; subsurface; petroleum contamination; benzene transport; groundwater remediation.
International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2010 Vol.42 No.1/2/3, pp.199 - 219
Published online: 30 Jul 2010 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article