Title: Delay-constrained energy-efficient routing in heterogeneous wireless sensor networks

Authors: Yinying Yang, Mihaela Cardei

Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA. ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a routing strategy for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks, which supports both periodic and event-based reporting applications. The energy-efficient network model in this paper consists of static sensor nodes, mobile and static supernodes. We propose an energy-efficient routing protocol that can satisfy the delay requirements of different types of data messages. Each source-sensor, with data to be transmitted to the sink, chooses the best relay supernode from the candidates in its routing table such that it meets the delay requirements. The message is transmitted to the selected relay supernode using sensor-to-sensor communication, and from there to the sink using supernode-to-supernode communication. Simulation results show that our routing protocol is energy-efficient and effectively satisfies different delay requirements.

Keywords: heterogeneous WSNs; wireless sensor networks; energy efficiency; delay constrained data reporting; mobile supernodes; routing protocols; wireless networks.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSNET.2010.033207

International Journal of Sensor Networks, 2010 Vol.7 No.4, pp.236 - 247

Received: 31 Jan 2009
Accepted: 18 Oct 2009

Published online: 13 May 2010 *

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