Title: 11/9: a historical perspective

Authors: Jean-Louis EsquiviE, Jean-Luc Wybo

Addresses: 12 Parc de Bearm, 92210 Saint-Cloud, France. Ecole des Mines de Paris, PO Box 207, F-06904 Sophia Antipolis, France

Abstract: This paper presents some key elements about the origins of modern terrorism that help to understand the terrorist attacks against the twin towers in New York and the Pentagon in Washington, on September 11, 2001. Initially associated with the struggle against tyrants, terrorist action has been used to support different causes, which have in common the battle against current authority.

Keywords: history of terrorism; attack against World Trade Centre and Pentagon.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEM.2003.003296

International Journal of Emergency Management, 2003 Vol.1 No.3, pp.290 - 297

Published online: 20 Aug 2003 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article