Title: Intellectual property development and globalisation of R&D: a five-country analysis

Authors: Alok K. Chakrabarti, Pradip K. Bhaumik, Saku Makinen

Addresses: Tampere University of Technology, Finland. ' International Management Institute, New Delhi, India. ' Tampere University of Technology, Finland

Abstract: We compare some EU countries with China and India in terms of IPR development trends and inflows and outflows. We examined the trends in production of patents, the trend in ownership pattern and the impact of the globalisation of science and technology. We have obtained patent-related data from the website of the United States Patent and Trademark Office. We used GDP as the control variable when analysing the patent ownership of a country and population as the control variable while studying the patents generated by residents of a country. Our study contributes to the debate of the strategic importance of international collaboration in intellectual property development in global business. Our study indicates that both China and India have leapfrogged on the learning curve in research and development for developing patents.

Keywords: R&D; globalisation; outsourcing; offshoring; China; innovation capability; patents; India; France; Germany; Finland; technology trajectories; ownership patterns; inventor backgrounds; intellectual property development; research and development; IPR; international collaboration.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSCM.2009.031409

International Journal of Strategic Change Management, 2009 Vol.1 No.4, pp.319 - 331

Available online: 02 Feb 2010 *

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