Title: Gender differences in expatriate adjustment

Authors: Arno Haslberger

Addresses: Business and Management Department, Webster University Vienna, Berchtoldgasse 1, A-1220, Vienna, Austria

Abstract: Women are still underrepresented in expatriate assignments. This study investigates whether there are any gender differences in expatriate adjustment that could help account for the low share of female expatriates. The study replicates the analysis of Selmer and Leung|s (2003) exploratory research. It confirms their findings and adds further detail to the understanding of gender differences in expatriate adjustment. The study is based on a cross-sectional survey, mainly of employed members in UK and US women|s clubs in Frankfurt and Madrid and their partners. This study shows that women tend to be better adjusted than men overall. They are ahead especially in important areas such as the building and maintaining of relationships. The paper provides important insight into the differences in adjustment among female and male expatriate employees. It provides an instrument that can be used in the further study of these differences. The study supplies further evidence that companies err if they fail to send women on assignments abroad.

Keywords: male expatriates; cross-cultural adaptation; expatriate adjustment; gender differences; research paper; women; female expatriates; relationships.

DOI: 10.1504/EJIM.2010.031281

European Journal of International Management, 2010 Vol.4 No.1/2, pp.163 - 183

Published online: 27 Jan 2010 *

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