Title: Case-based simulations
Authors: Gerard Weidenfeld, Dominique Leclet
Addresses: Universite de Picardie Jules Verne – IUP Miage – Pole Universitaire Cathedrale, 10 placette Lafleur, 80039 Amiens Cedex 1, France. ' Universite de Picardie Jules Verne – IUP Miage – Pole Universitaire Cathedrale, 10 placette Lafleur, 80039 Amiens Cedex 1, France
Abstract: This paper aims at presenting an interaction model based on cases. The associated learning environment enables students to experiment with real situations under the control of the computing system. Three professions have been analysed: medical doctor, restaurant waiter and multimedia project designer. Initially, classical knowledge representation has been used for modelling the domain and the problem-solving process. This approach revealed itself to be inappropriate to describe accurately the behaviour of experts and learners in concrete job situations. A model of the experts| behaviour, common to the three domains, has therefore been proposed, which combines deductive and inductive reasoning. This model definition formalises the underlying didactic, conceptual and logic viewpoints. It enables us to set up a general framework for training in decision-making in professional contexts: the case-based simulation. Examples of ongoing or planned implementations are given in order to make the previous theoretical approach more concrete. Special attention is paid to the use of multimedia technology, and especially to approaches which enable us to build a model of student activity in the virtual professional worlds designed in this way.
Keywords: case-based reasoning; CBR; ITS architecture; simulation; object representation; multimedia; medical diagnosis; catering duty; medical doctors; restaurant waiters; project design; modelling.
International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning, 1999 Vol.9 No.3/4, pp.222 - 236
Published online: 11 Dec 2009 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article