Title: Technical implications of the 1987 Montreal Protocol for developing countries

Authors: R. 'Layi Fagbenle, R.W. James, T.G. Karayiannis

Addresses: School of Engineering Systems and Design, South Bank University, London SE1 0AA, UK. ' School of Engineering Systems and Design, South Bank University, London SE1 0AA, UK. ' School of Engineering Systems and Design, South Bank University, London SE1 0AA, UK

Abstract: The 1987 Montreal Protocol, which came into force in 1989 and was subsequently strengthened by the 1990 and 1992 amendments, has profound implications for both developed and developing countries. The implications for developed countries have understandably received and continue to receive considerable attention. However, the implications for technology, industry, training and development, and the economy of developing countries do not seem to have been examined in detail. This paper is an attempt to remedy this apparent lapse by stimulating a discussion of the issues involved among the relevant organisations and professional bodies in the industrial and commercial sectors most affected in these countries, and therefore guide appropriate governmental and social action in their overall best interest.

Keywords: CFCs; global warming; HCFCs; Montreal Protocol; ozone depletion; developing countries; technology; chlorofluorocarbons.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEP.1994.028356

International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 1994 Vol.4 No.3/4, pp.214 - 228

Published online: 17 Sep 2009 *

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