Title: SOCRATES: a computerized toolkit for quantification of the risk from accidental releases of toxic and/or flammable substances

Authors: loannis A. Papazoglou, Olga Aneziris, Gerasimos Bonanos, Michalis Christou

Addresses: Institute of Nuclear Technology – Radiation Protection, National Center for Scientific Research 'Demokritos', PO Box 60288, 153-10 Aghia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece. ' Institute of Nuclear Technology – Radiation Protection, National Center for Scientific Research 'Demokritos', PO Box 60288, 153-10 Aghia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece. ' Institute of Nuclear Technology – Radiation Protection, National Center for Scientific Research 'Demokritos', PO Box 60288, 153-10 Aghia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece. ' Institute of Nuclear Technology – Radiation Protection, National Center for Scientific Research 'Demokritos', PO Box 60288, 153-10 Aghia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece

Abstract: A computerised toolkit for quantification of the risk from accident releases of toxic and/or flammable substances is presented. Methodological and procedural steps for quantifying the consequences and the associated risk to health is presented, along with their implementation in a user-friendly computer package. The methodology and the associated toolkit have the capability of integrated risk analysis, that is calculation of two risk indices: individual risk and group risk. The code is capable of handling multiple accident scenarios, complex terrain dispersion and uncertainty quantification (including parameter and model uncertainty), and is characterised by a user-friendly graphic user interface. An application of the methodology and the code in a case study is also provided.

Keywords: chemical industry; flammability; major hazards; quantified risk assessment; QRA; toxicity; uncertainty; environmental pollution; hazardous substances; accidents; health risks.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEP.1996.028331

International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 1996 Vol.6 No.4/5/6, pp.500 - 533

Published online: 16 Sep 2009 *

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