Title: A simplified Empirical Bayesian method to safety evaluation of traffic calming treatment for urban road systems
Authors: Fang Clara Fang, Joseph H. Rimiller, Najib O. Habesch
Addresses: Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Technology and Architecture, University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT 06117, USA. ' Urban Engineers, Inc, Hartford Square West, Suite 2-303, 75 Charter Oak Avenue, Hartford, CT 06106, USA. ' Urban Engineers, Inc, Hartford Square West, Suite 2-303, 75 Charter Oak Avenue, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
Abstract: The City of Hartford in Connecticut developed and implemented a comprehensive citywide traffic calming master plan in 2005–2006; the first of its kind in the USA. |Before| and |after| crash data for many of the traffic calming devices were measured to study their impact on vehicular safety and so that the future deployments may be validated. This article presents the main findings in the estimation of safety effectiveness of deploying road diets, one of the treatments identified in the plan. Five of Hartford|s arterial roadways that were placed on road diets were compared to similar comparison roads that had not received any treatments. A simplified Empirical Bayesian (EB) method was developed to predict the |expected| crash rate of study sites during the |after| period without implementation. The method combined the mean and variance of the crash counts at comparison sites. The observed |before| crash rates, the crash rate expected without improvement, and the observed |after| crash rate were compared and discussed. Both the simple before-and-after analysis and the EB method study exhibited consistent results. All implemented streets revealed some safety benefits of crash reduction; the higher the crash rate and traffic demand were, the larger reduction resulted. The EB method results had also shown that there was no bias associated with regression-to-mean.
Keywords: empirical Bayesian method; safety evaluation; traffic calming treatment; urban road systems; crash data; vehicle safety; road safety; road diets; road accidents.
International Journal of Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications, 2009 Vol.6 No.3/4, pp.349 - 363
Available online: 30 Mar 2009 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article