Title: A methodological approach for dynamic modelling of membrane integrated biosorption: a case study on Sphaerotilus natans as biosorbent

Authors: F. Beolchini, F. Pagnanelli, L. Toro, F. Veglio

Addresses: Dipartimento di Scienze del Mare, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, Ancona, Italy. ' Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita degli Studi 'La Sapienza', P.le A. Moro, 5, 00185 Roma, Italy. ' Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita degli Studi 'La Sapienza', P.le A. Moro, 5, 00185 Roma, Italy. ' Dipartimento di Chimica, Ingegneria Chimica e Materiali, Universita degli Studi di L'Aquila, 67040 Monteluco di Roio, L'Aquila, Italy

Abstract: This work is a review of the study performed on heavy metals biosorption by Sphaerotilus natans confined in an ultrafiltration membrane module. A methodological approach has been applied aiming at the dynamic modelling of the process: i) firstly, biosorbent was characterised according to acid-base properties of binding sites; ii) then, equilibrium studies were performed both in single metal and multimetal systems in order to evidence any competition for binding sites and to find mechanicistic models that are able to describe biosorption equilibrium; iii) finally, biosorption in membrane processes was investigated in laboratory scale, in the case of both single-metal and two-metal systems, and a dynamic model was developed accounting for binding site competition and for binding ability of cell|s fragments generated by tangential flow shear stress.

Keywords: biosorption; heavy metals; equilibrium; membrane processes; tangential flow; ultrafiltration; dynamic modelling; multimetal systems; Sphaerotilus natans; metal removal; shear stress; wasterwater treatment; activated sludge; water pollution.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEP.2008.020801

International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2008 Vol.34 No.1/2/3/4, pp.325 - 339

Available online: 16 Oct 2008

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