Title: The translation of higher-level knowledge into different levels of managerial and creative competencies

Authors: Hammad Akbar, Yehuda Baruch, Nikolaos Tzokas

Addresses: Norwich Business School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK. ' Norwich Business School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK. ' Norwich Business School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK

Abstract: Higher-level knowledge is regarded as the source from which managerial, as well as creative, competencies originate. However, how higher-level knowledge is translated into different levels of these competencies remains to be analysed in depth. In this paper, we examine the specific mindset and cognitive actions, through which higher-level knowledge is translated into managerial or creative competencies and the different levels within these competencies. Our aim is to deepen our understanding of how knowledge and competencies are interlinked. Our contribution is to show how managerial and creative competencies at the cognitive level are orthogonal to each other and specify the level at which these competencies are translated into. Finally, we offer theoretical and managerial implications and directions for future research.

Keywords: knowledge creation; knowledge levels; managerial competencies; creative competencies; learning; creativity; competency level; creativity level; entrepreneurship; higher-level knowledge.

DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2008.020153

International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital, 2008 Vol.5 No.2, pp.223 - 240

Available online: 03 Sep 2008 *

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