Title: Addressing individual and organisational factors influencing middle managers' synthesising role in knowledge creation and diffusion

Authors: Alexandros G. Psychogios, Konstantinos Alexandris, Andra Onofrei

Addresses: Business Administration & Economics Department, City College, The University of Sheffield, 17 Mitropoleos Str., SEERC Building, Room 353, 546 24, City Centre, Thessaloniki, Greece. ' Leisure Management, Department of Sport Science, Arisotelian University of Thessaloniki, Greece. ' Filippou Str. 17, Pilea, Thessaloniki, Greece

Abstract: Based on the widespread theoretical argument that Middle Managers (MM) are essential in making Knowledge Management (KM) work, this paper seeks to address the individual and organisational factors influencing their synthesising role in knowledge creation and diffusion within modern organisations. Two hundred and forty-one middle-level Greek managers (N = 241) participated in the research and completed Floyd and Wooldridge|s (1996) ten-item scale, which measures the synthesising and implementing dimensions of knowledge creation and diffusion. The results indicated that the majority of middle-level managers are far from being knowledge synthesisers. They are merely conduits, translating plans into action, monitoring and controlling activities to keep things on track. In other words, their role in knowledge creation and diffusion is completely internal, because they lived their lives within the functional corridors of an organisation|s hierarchy. Further statistical analysis indicated that there were individual factors, such as educational level and age, as well as organisational ones such as the size, type (public/private) and the years of existence of an organisation, which affect their synthesising role and involvement in knowledge creation and diffusion.

Keywords: knowledge management; KM; middle managers; knowledge creation; knowledge diffusion; synthesisers; Greece; implementers; individual factors; organisational factors.

DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2008.020152

International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital, 2008 Vol.5 No.2, pp.208 - 222

Available online: 03 Sep 2008 *

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