Title: The use of the environmental Kuznets curve: environmental and economic implications
Authors: Remigijus Ciegis, Dalia Streimikiene, Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas
Addresses: Vilnius University, Kaunas Faculty of Humanities, Muitines 8, LT-44208 Kaunas, Lithuania. ' Vilnius University, Kaunas Faculty of Humanities, Muitines 8, LT-44208 Kaunas, Lithuania. ' Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Sauletekio al. 11, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
Abstract: The environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis postulates an inverted-U-shaped relationship between different pollutants and per capita income, i.e., environmental pressure increases up to a certain level as income grows and then it decreases. This paper reviews some theoretical developments and empirical studies dealing with this phenomenon. In particular, it is argued that the optimistic implications of this literature on the sustainability management are not grounded. However, the analysis allows clarification of a few basic conditions for managing sustainable development, including the sustainability of globalisation. These conditions can be met by implementing a consistent policy aimed at shifting Kuznets relations, when downward.
Keywords: economic growth; environmental Kuznets curve; environmental quality; environmental protection; inverted-U-shape; environmental pollution; pollutants; per capita income; sustainable development; sustainability; globalisation.
International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2008 Vol.33 No.2/3, pp.313 - 335
Published online: 11 Jul 2008 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article