Title: Entrepreneurial in-migrants and economic development in rural England

Authors: Gary Bosworth

Addresses: Centre for Rural Economy, Newcastle University, NE1 7RU, UK

Abstract: Counterurbanisation has generally been viewed as a negative phenomenon, but Stockdale and Findlay (2004) presented rural in-migration as potentially |a catalyst for economic regeneration| based on in-migrants| business activity. More than half of rural microbusinesses in the North-East of England are owned by in-migrants and provide an estimated 10% of jobs in the rural North-East (Bosworth, 2006). In the light of these new drivers of rural development, exogenous and endogenous approaches alone are increasingly inadequate (Lowe et al., 1995; Murdoch, 2000; Terluin, 2003). Ray instead proposed Neo-Endogenous Development, defined as |endogenous based development in which extra-local factors are recognised as essential but which retains belief in the potential of local areas to shape their future| (2001, p.4). Preliminary research suggests that in-migrants tend to retain more extensive business networks while developing valuable local contacts (Bosworth, 2006). As endogenous actors with diverse networks, in-migrants are well placed to strengthen connectivity with the |extra-local| and introduce new vitality to rural economies.

Keywords: entrepreneurship; in-migrants; economic development; counterurbanisation; microbusinesses; business networks; rural economy; North-East England; UK; United Kingdom; economic regeneration; rural development; local contacts.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2008.019132

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2008 Vol.6 No.3, pp.355 - 369

Published online: 30 Jun 2008 *

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