Title: Harmful algal blooms: new methods of control and management

Authors: Daniela Mattei, Giuseppe Salvatore, Milena Bruno

Addresses: Department of Environment and Primary Prevention, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome 00161, Italy. ' Department of Environment and Primary Prevention, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome 00161, Italy. ' Department of Environment and Primary Prevention, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome 00161, Italy

Abstract: The general increase in eutrophication of waters and the changes in global climatic conditions have caused over the last 30 years the spread of algal blooms in seas all over the world. The paper describes the different aspects of this problem, the known classes of marine algal toxins and their effects on human activities, and the problem of ballast waters. New strategies of remote sensing control, informative medical net projects and methods of managing and avoiding the related health consequences are also discussed.

Keywords: marine algal toxins; control strategies; eutrophication; harmful algal blooms; seawater; ballast waters; remote sensing; health consequences; red tides; medical information; epidemiology information.

DOI: 10.1504/IJENVH.2007.017872

International Journal of Environment and Health, 2007 Vol.1 No.3, pp.473 - 492

Published online: 20 Apr 2008 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article