Title: Developing the complex system in Korea: the case study of TDX and CDMA telecom system

Authors: Jae-Yong Choung, Hye-Ran Hwang

Addresses: School of IT Business, Information and Communications University (ICU), P.O. Box 77, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon, Korea; Center for Communication, Culture and Technology, Georgetown University, Washington, USA ' Daejeon Development Institute, Seo-Gu 1420, Deajeon City Office, Daejeon, Korea

Abstract: This paper describes and analyses the successful development and commercialisation of Korean TDX telephone switching technologies and CDMA wireless systems, which were initiated as a national R&D project. We introduce the concept of Complex Product System (CoPS) to identify and describe (a) factors for the successful development of CoPS, such as TDX and CDMA, in Korea, (b) features specific to the development of CoPS in Newly Industrialised Economies (NIE) and finally (c) how the characteristics of Korean innovation system interact with the innovation system of telecommunication systems. We suggest that (1) the capabilities for integration of such agents as, public research institute, manufacturers and users play an important role in achieving successful commercialisation, (2) the development of CDMA systems was made possible by technological path dependency. Finally, we discuss the implications for NIEs that are involved in developing CoPS, pointing out the importance of project planning and managerial capability, coevolution of institutions and technology, as well as the interaction between large-scale and local R&D.

Keywords: Korea; code division multiple access; CDMA; TDX; complex product systems; CoPS; R&D; research and development; telecom systems; telecommunications; commercialisation; telephone switching; wireless systems; newly industrialised economies; innovation; project planning; managerial capability.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTLID.2007.015404

International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, 2007 Vol.1 No.2, pp.204 - 225

Available online: 14 Oct 2007 *

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