Title: Modelling and forecasting of a rational and sustainable development of Vilnius: emphasis on pollution

Authors: Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas, Arturas Kaklauskas, Jurate Kaklauskiene

Addresses: Department of Construction Technology and Management, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Sauletekio al. 11, LT 10223 Vilnius, Lithuania. ' Department of Construction Economics and Property Management, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Sauletekio al. 11, LT 10223 Vilnius, Lithuania. ' Department of Construction and Housing, Ministry of Environment, Jaksto 4/9, LT 01105 Vilnius, Lithuania

Abstract: Life in cities is concentrated mostly in a particular ever-changing environment. Micro, meso, and macro environments have direct impacts on sustainable urban development opportunities and some variable factors can be optimised. These factors may facilitate sustainable urban development or, on the contrary, they may create constraints. This research|s aim was to develop a model for rational sustainable development in Vilnius with a special emphasis on pollution by undertaking a complex analysis of micro, meso, and macro environmental factors that affect it and to present recommendations for increasing Vilnius| sustainable abilities.

Keywords: sustainable urban development; urban pollution; global development trends; alternatives; Vilnius; modelling; forecasting; sustainability; sustainable development; Vilnius; Lithuania; environmental factors; housing; health.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEP.2007.014824

International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2007 Vol.30 No.3/4, pp.485 - 500

Published online: 10 Aug 2007 *

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