Title: Monitoring radioactivity in nuclear and radiological emergency in a European perspective: aims and means

Authors: Marc De Cort

Addresses: European Commission, DG JRC, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via E. Fermi 1, I-21020 Ispra (VA), Italy

Abstract: After the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident, European countries have further enhanced their capacity and infrastructure for monitoring radioactivity in their environment. This paper gives a summary of the most commonly used techniques relevant to routine and nuclear and/or radiological emergency conditions, followed by a discussion of the various network types (routine, emergency preparedness, mobile monitoring) and some suggestions on how homogeneity of the monitoring information can be improved.

Keywords: measurement strategy; radiation measurements; air contamination measurement; in situ measurements; surface contamination sampling; environmental sampling; radioactivity monitoring; emergency management; emergency preparedness; mobile monitoring; air pollution; nuclear energy; nuclear power; nuclear emergency; nuclear safety; environmental pollution; radiological emergency;.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEM.2007.014290

International Journal of Emergency Management, 2007 Vol.4 No.3, pp.319 - 388

Published online: 30 Jun 2007 *

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