Title: A two dimensional Markov chain model for aggregation-enabled 802.11 networks

Authors: Kaouther Mansour

Addresses: IResCoMath Research Laboratory, University of Gabès, V432+8QR, Avenue Omar Ibn El Khattab, Zrig Eddakhlania, Tunisia

Abstract: Frame aggregation technique opts for optimising channel usage efficiency for 802.11-based networks by amortising the transmission overhead over several aggregated packets. Despite its potential benefit, the gain achieved by this technique is still far from the expected levels. The underlying causes are attributed to certain deficiencies in the specification as well as the implementation of the conventional frame aggregation scheme. Throughout this paper, we focus on MAC protocol data unit aggregation (A-MPDU) technique. We provide a simple, yet, highly accurate mathematical model for the conventional A-MPDU technique that reflects the effect of the block acknowledgement (Block Ack) window limit on the maximum aggregation size. The effectiveness of our model is validated by ns-3 simulator. An analytical-based study is further conducted to compare the performance of the greedy A-MPDU aggregation scheme and that of the conservative scheme supported by most of wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) card drivers.

Keywords: 802.11 WLANs; performance evaluation; analytical model; frame aggregation; A-MPDU.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAHUC.2023.130467

International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, 2023 Vol.42 No.4, pp.269 - 280

Received: 19 Apr 2022
Received in revised form: 26 Jun 2022
Accepted: 27 Jun 2022

Published online: 21 Apr 2023 *

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