Title: Immigrant and native's export benefiting from business collaborations: a global study

Authors: Shayegheh Ashourizadeh; Mehrzad Saeedikiya

Addresses: School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China ' Center for Future Enterprise, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George St, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia

Abstract: The authors hypothesised that export develops in the network of business collaborations that are embedded in migration status. In that, collaborative networking positively affects export performance and immigrant entrepreneurs enjoy higher collaborative networking than native entrepreneurs due to their advantage of being embedded in the home and the host country. Moreover, the advantage of being an immigrant promotes the benefits of collaborative networking for export compared to those of native entrepreneurs. A total of 47,200 entrepreneurs starting, running and owning firms in 71 countries were surveyed by Global Entrepreneurship Monitor and analysed through hierarchical linear modelling technique. Collaborative networking facilitated export and migration status influenced entrepreneurs' networking, in that, immigrant entrepreneurs had a higher level of collaborative networking than native entrepreneurs. Consequently, immigrant entrepreneurs seemed to have benefited from their network collaborations more than their native counterparts did. This study sheds light on how immigrant entrepreneurs' network collaborations can be effective for their exporting.

Keywords: export; immigrant entrepreneurs; native entrepreneurs; collaborative networking; dual embeddedness.

DOI: 10.1504/EJIM.2023.128812

European Journal of International Management, 2023 Vol.19 No.3, pp.365 - 387

Received: 08 May 2018
Accepted: 27 Apr 2019

Published online: 07 Feb 2023 *

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