Title: The influence of informal and foreign competition on innovation: does size matter?

Authors: Ebru Ozturk Kose

Addresses: Tokat Gaziosmanpasa University, 60250 Tokat, Turkey

Abstract: This study examines whether micro or large firms in emerging economies produce innovation as a response to threats from informal and foreign competitors. This research focuses on firm size because it captures micro and large firms' resource similarity and market commonality with informal and foreign competitors. Specifically, this study theorises how threats from informal and foreign competitors influence emerging economy firms' engagement in innovation activities depending on firm size, such as micro and large firms. Results from the empirical analyses, with survey data of a large sample of firms located across Eastern Europe and Central Asia, provide support to hypotheses.

Keywords: informal competition; foreign competition; firm size; innovation.

DOI: 10.1504/EJIM.2023.127239

European Journal of International Management, 2023 Vol.19 No.1, pp.117 - 136

Received: 11 Apr 2019
Accepted: 06 Mar 2020

Published online: 30 Nov 2022 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article