Title: Entrepreneurial intention and gender: an analysis of environmental factors

Authors: Ximena Morales-Urrutia; Diana Morales-Urrutia; Luis Enrique Simbaña-Taipe

Addresses: Centro de Investigación en Empresa, Sociedad y Tecnología, Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas, Universidad Tecnológica Indoamérica, Bolivar 2035 y Guayaquil, 180103, Ambato, Ecuador ' Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas, Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Av. los Chasquis y Río Payamino, 180206, Ambato, Ecuador ' Departamento de Ciencias Económicas, Administrativas y de Comercio, Universidad de Las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE, Av. General Rumiñahui s/n, Sangolquí, 171-5-231B, Ecuador

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyse the entrepreneurial intention of women and some environmental factors in order to identify their main explanatory causes. The theoretical foundation approach guides to an analysis based on different theories such as: Ajzen's theory of planned behaviour (TPB), social role theory, social cognitive theory (SCT), which provide a solid reference framework for this study. According to this scheme, the research focuses on the role of the leading environmental factors for female entrepreneurial intention. On the other hand, the empirical approach covers 18 countries from Europe and the USA during 2006 to 2015; additionally, its main statistical source is the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). The results specify that both, necessity entrepreneurship and skills and knowledge, represent fundamental aspects for this entrepreneurial intention. Therefore, each government should lead policies, regulations and incentives aligned to social and cultural needs of each country.

Keywords: female entrepreneurship; entrepreneurship gender gap; environmental business factors.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2022.126349

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2022 Vol.47 No.1, pp.42 - 58

Received: 11 Sep 2019
Accepted: 16 Oct 2019

Published online: 24 Oct 2022 *

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