Title: Vulnerability of sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asian countries due to the carbon dioxide emissions: an assessment based on the STIRPAT model
Authors: Jean Baptiste Aboyitungiye; Suryanto
Addresses: Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Economics and Development Studies, Sebelas Maret University, Jl Ir. Sutami 36A Surakarta 57126, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia ' Faculty of Economics and Business, Centre of Environment Research, Sebelas Maret University, Jl Ir. Sutami 36A Surakarta 57126, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
Abstract: This paper explores factors affecting vulnerability to climate-related CO2 emissions and options for adaptation to climate change in sub-Sahara African and Southeast Asian countries. The STIRPAT model used in the methodology proves that significant causes of carbon dioxide emissions are different in two regions: agriculture-forestry and fishing. The human development index has solid explanatory power on CO2 emissions in Southeast Asian countries. The income per capita positively and significantly influences carbon emissions in sub-Saharan Africa but was statistically insignificant in the Southeast Asian countries. The population growth decreases CO2 emissions in the sub-Saharan African countries while not statically significant in the Southeast Asian countries. Besides, the estimation results showed a lower level of CO2 emissions in the sub-Saharan African countries relative to the Southeast Asian countries. These regions should not follow the same example to achieve a green economy because the effects of CO2 emissions are not felt uniformly.
Keywords: carbon dioxide emissions; climate change; vulnerabilities; environmental degradation; disasters; environmental economics; human activities.
International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2021 Vol.69 No.1/2, pp.99 - 111
Received: 01 Mar 2021
Accepted: 09 Feb 2022
Published online: 01 Sep 2022 *