Title: A step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis of barriers to the use of biomass in the district heating system

Authors: Ivana Veličkovska

Addresses: Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Belgrade, Serbia

Abstract: The use of biomass as a form of renewable energy source in order to provide district heating is a very important issue. This paper analyses the barriers of using biomass for district heating in the city Bor located in Eastern Serbia. The subject of this paper is of a complex nature and requires the use of a multi-criteria decision-making method. The aim is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the internal factors in a heating company, external factors that influence the introduction of biomass, and define the most important challenges in the use of renewable energy sources. Based on the reviewed literature and interviews with the representatives of the heating company, five categories of barriers and 22 sub-categories are identified. A step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis (SWARA) multi-criteria decision-making method is used to prioritise the barriers. According to the results of the prioritisation, the most important barrier category of switching from the use of coal to the use of biomass is technical barrier, followed by economic category of barriers.

Keywords: renewable energy; district heating; biomass; MCDM; SWARA.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMDM.2022.124407

International Journal of Management and Decision Making, 2022 Vol.21 No.3, pp.262 - 284

Received: 10 Dec 2020
Accepted: 09 Jun 2021

Published online: 26 Jul 2022 *

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