Title: Foreign motivation? Managerial international exposure and international regional involvement effects on firms' entrepreneurial orientation

Authors: Karina Bogatyreva; Galina Shirokova; William J. Wales; Richard Germain

Addresses: Graduate School of Management, St. Petersburg State University, 3 Volkhovsky Pereulok, St. Petersburg 199004, Russia ' Graduate School of Management, St. Petersburg State University, 3 Volkhovsky Pereulok, St. Petersburg 199004, Russia ' School of Business, University at Albany-SUNY, 1400 Washington Ave., Albany, NY 12222, USA ' College of Business, University of Louisville, Harry Frazier Hall, Louisville, KY 40292, USA

Abstract: Despite increasing recognition of the importance of entrepreneurial orientation (EO), insufficient attention has been devoted to international factors which foster EO. In this paper, we examine managerial international exposure and regional involvement in international economic activity as two potential key drivers of firms' EO formation. We explore these focal relationships using a robust sample of 769 manufacturing firms from Russia, a BRIC country and emerging economy that has received relatively scant attention within the literature. Our findings indicate that managerial international exposure increases firm's EO, and that this effect is weakened as regional involvement in international activity increases.

Keywords: entrepreneurial orientation; managerial international exposure; regional effects; emerging markets; Russia.

DOI: 10.1504/EJIM.2020.10022028

European Journal of International Management, 2022 Vol.18 No.1, pp.52 - 75

Received: 15 Dec 2018
Accepted: 29 Apr 2019

Published online: 04 Jul 2022 *

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