Authors: Farhana Ajaz; Mohd Naseem; Sparsh Sharma; Gaurav Dhiman; Mohammad Shabaz; S. Vimal
Addresses: Department of Computer Sciences, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir – 185234, India ' Department of Computer Sciences, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir – 185234, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, National Institute of Technology Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir – 190006, India ' Department of Computer Science, Government Bikram College of Commerce, Patiala, Panjab – 147001, India ' Department of Computer Science Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Pharwara, Jalandhar, Panjab – 144001, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Ramco Institute of Technology, Rajapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 626117, India
Abstract: Modern vehicles should be able to commute a tremendous amount of data and information within their neighbourhood. To incorporate the requirements of modern vehicles, the conventional vehicular ad hoc network (VANETs) are emerging to the internet of vehicles (IoV). IoV keeps all the smart vehicles connected with the help of sensors, GPS, entertainment system, brakes and throttles. These devices send and store their data with the help of cloud. This paper intends to contribute to the review of IoV, its challenges, characteristics and application. A detail discussion on architectures and routing protocols along with its classification is also discussed. This paper ought to guide and motivate researchers working in the area of IoV to develop scalable and efficient routing protocols.
Keywords: internet of vehicles; IoV; internet of things; IoT; routing protocols; architecture; vehicular ad hoc networks; VANETs; mobile ad hoc networks; MANETs; cloud computing; fog computing.
International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, 2022 Vol.40 No.1/2/3, pp.159 - 175
Received: 24 Nov 2020
Accepted: 11 Mar 2021
Published online: 27 Jun 2022 *