Title: The impact of ownership structure and corporate governance on capital structure decisions in the UAE

Authors: Mohammed M. Elgammal; Basil Al-Najjar

Addresses: College of Business and Economics, Qatar University, Doha, 2713, Qatar ' Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, M15 5RN, UK

Abstract: This paper investigates how ownership and corporate governance influence the capital structure decisions within an emerging market context, namely the United Arab Emirates (UAE) from 2008 to 2019. We employ panel models as well as the Two Stages Least Squares (2SLS) technique. Our reported results show that board structure has a negative effect on capital structure decisions. We also detect a positive impact of institutional ownership and managerial ownership on capital structure, while government ownership is inversely associated to capital structure. Finally, we report that profitability negatively affects a firm's capital structure. Thus, we argue that the main determinants of capital structure reported in the developed markets literature do hold in the UAE settings. Accordingly, this study contributes to previous studies in the capital structure context and adds to its puzzle by introducing new insights into the capital structure choice in a free tax environment.

Keywords: capital structure; ownership structure; corporate governance; panel data; UAE.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAAPE.2022.123291

International Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Performance Evaluation, 2022 Vol.18 No.1, pp.28 - 48

Received: 20 Jan 2020
Accepted: 17 Nov 2020

Published online: 08 Jun 2022 *

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