Title: IoT networks for monitoring and detection of leakage in pipelines

Authors: Seham S. Bakhder; Ghadah Aldabbagh; Nikos Dimitriou; Samar Alkhuraiji; Mai Fadel; Helen Bakhsh

Addresses: Department of Computer Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ' Department of Computer Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA ' Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications, National Centre for Scientific Research Demokritos, Athens, Greec ' Department of Computer Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ' Department of Computer Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ' Department of Computer Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: Pipelines have been an important means of oil transport in recent years, especially in Saudi Arabia. Since oil pipelines have extensive length, tracking them is a critical task. Therefore, monitoring pipeline leaks has become a significant field of intelligent sensing systems. There are many challenges when monitoring long-distance pipelines, requiring energy efficiency. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) deployed in oil pipelines provides solutions to address these challenges, but various issues must be considered, such as costs, scalability, and delay issues for monitoring systems. The recent advances in internet of things (IoTs) and the new LPWAN capabilities have promising benefits over monitoring systems. This paper investigates WSN systems in oil pipelines with IoT technologies. Also, it presents a LoRa as an LPWAN single-hop model for monitoring aboveground oil pipelines. The LoRa model is evaluated by using two scenarios and analysing the scalability and capacity of the LoRa and discussing the result.

Keywords: internet of things; IoTs; wireless sensor network; WSN; low power WAN; LPWAN; LoRa; long range; low power.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSNET.2022.10046919

International Journal of Sensor Networks, 2022 Vol.38 No.4, pp.241 - 253

Received: 12 Apr 2021
Accepted: 15 Apr 2021

Published online: 03 May 2022 *

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