Title: Drinking mineral waters: biochemical effects and health implications – the state-of-the-art

Authors: Maria Cristina Albertini, Marina Dacha, Laura Teodori, Marcelo Enrique Conti

Addresses: Istituto di Chimica Biologica 'Giorgio Fornaini', Universita degli Studi di Urbino, 61029 – Urbino, Italy. ' Istituto di Chimica Biologica 'Giorgio Fornaini', Universita degli Studi di Urbino, 61029 – Urbino, Italy. ' Unita di Biotecnologie, Sezione di Tossicologia e Scienze Biomediche, ENEA-Casaccia, 00060 Roma, Italy. ' SPES – Development Studies Research Centre, Dipartimento per le Tecnologie, le Risorse e lo Sviluppo, Universita 'La Sapienza', 00161, Roma, Italy

Abstract: Spring mineral water might have the properties favourable to health, which should be assessed by clinical and pharmacological analyses. Efforts have recently been made to approach the study of the validity of spring mineral water curative therapies by advanced biochemical research on both animal models and humans. Owing to the paramount interest and the growing recent use of drinking mineral waters, a need for a rigorous scientific approach arises. The therapeutic action of drinking mineral waters has been demonstrated to have important biochemical implications. However, some adverse events during health resorts cure must be considered and investigated. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art on the biochemical studies related to the effects of drinking mineral water. In the light of the review of the literature on the matter, we conclude that further studies are necessary to avoid any possible implication for public health connected with mineral water misuse.

Keywords: biochemical effects; spring mineral water; drinking water; spring therapy; environment; public health; mineral water misuse.

DOI: 10.1504/IJENVH.2007.012230

International Journal of Environment and Health, 2007 Vol.1 No.1, pp.153 - 169

Published online: 29 Jan 2007 *

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