Title: The cyber espionage crimes in the Jordanian law

Authors: Hamzeh Abu Issa; Abdullah Alkhseilat

Addresses: Applied Science Private University, Amman, Jordan ' Applied Science Private University, Amman, Jordan

Abstract: The current article aims to show the position of the Arab laws in general and the Jordanian legislator in particular against cyber spying. First, the article pointed out the concept and classification of state secrets. Then, it approached the extent of applicability of the traditional provisions on the espionage committed via electronic means. Furthermore, an analysis was done on Article 12 of the Jordanian Electronic Crimes Law by going deep into stating the elements of the crime set therein and arriving at the penalties that resulted from breaching it. Finally, the article concluded the possibility of applying Articles 15 and 16 of the Jordanian Law on the Protection of State Secrets and Documents (1970) criminalising obtaining state secrets and disclosing secrets obtained by the office without legal justification.

Keywords: cyber espionage; cyber crime; Jordanian law; state secrets; criminal law; computer law; justice; cyber; crime; unauthorised access.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESDF.2022.121203

International Journal of Electronic Security and Digital Forensics, 2022 Vol.14 No.2, pp.111 - 123

Received: 29 Jan 2021
Accepted: 12 Apr 2021

Published online: 28 Feb 2022 *

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