Title: Enactment of entrepreneurial intention: is gender egalitarianism a facilitator or an inhibitor?

Authors: Chiara Cannavale; Lorenza Claudio; Giorgia Rivieccio; Iman Zohoorian Nadali

Addresses: Department of Management and Quantitative Studies (DISAQ), University of Naples Parthenope, Via Generale Parisi, 13, Napoli, 80132, Italy ' Department of Management and Quantitative Studies (DISAQ), University of Naples Parthenope, Via Generale Parisi, 13, Napoli, 80132, Italy ' Department of Management and Quantitative Studies (DISAQ), University of Naples Parthenope, Via Generale Parisi, 13, Napoli, 80132, Italy ' Department of Management and Quantitative Studies (DISAQ), University of Naples Parthenope, Via Generale Parisi, 13, Napoli, 80132, Italy

Abstract: This study seeks to respond to this question: does gender egalitarianism (GE) affect the enactment of entrepreneurial intentions? It refers to the TPB and analyses the effects of GE on the impact of intention on activity. Doing so, it will contribute to understanding how GE moderates the entrepreneurial intention-action gap. It applies a quantitative approach employing data from GEM and GLOBE at country level. Findings show that GE value moderates in nonlinear way the effects of entrepreneurial intentions on activities, and that GE value has also a curvilinear effect on entrepreneurial activity, while GE practice does not show any moderating role, both linear and nonlinear, in such relationship. All the relationships were controlled for country level variables.

Keywords: entrepreneurial intention; entrepreneurial activity; theory of planned behaviour; TPB; entrepreneurship; culture; values; behaviour; Global Entrepreneurship Monitor; GEM; GLOBE; gender egalitarianism.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2022.10045149

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2022 Vol.45 No.2, pp.152 - 169

Received: 20 Apr 2020
Accepted: 21 Feb 2021

Published online: 21 Feb 2022 *

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