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Title: Energy consumption and CO2 emissions in the sugarcane chain in Brazil: an input-output approach (2000-2014)

Authors: Pery Francisco Assis Shikida; Marco Antonio Montoya; Giovani Richard Pitilin; Bianca Grando Giordani

Addresses: Department of Economics and Graduate Program in Regional Development and Agribusiness, Western Parana State University (Unioeste), Paraná State, Brazil ' Faculty of Economic, Administrative and Accounting Sciences, University of Passo Fundo (UPF), Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil ' Graduate Program in Regional Development and Agribusiness, Western Parana State University (Unioeste), Paraná State, Brazil ' Graduate Program in Regional Development and Agribusiness, Western Parana State University (Unioeste), Paraná State, Brazil

Abstract: This paper sought to evaluate the sugarcane chain in Brazil using input-output matrices for energy consumption and CO2 emissions from either renewable or non-renewable sources, in the years 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014. For this purpose, energy and emission matrices were harmonised and disaggregated vis-à-vis the country's monetary matrices. As a result, energy consumption by the said chain grew by 6.7% a year, having accounted for nearly 25% of consumption by the Brazilian agribusiness industry in 2014. However, energy consumption from renewable sources not only prevailed but also rose from 73% in 2000 to 88% in 2014. Therefore, emissions from the sugarcane chain are becoming increasingly suitable for preserving the environment.

Keywords: agribusiness; sugarcane agroindustry; renewable sources.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGEI.2022.10044860

International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 2022 Vol.44 No.1, pp.28 - 46

Accepted: 20 Oct 2020
Published online: 08 Feb 2022 *

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