Open Access Article

Title: A domain ontology on cascading effects in critical infrastructures based on a systematic literature review

Authors: Beatriz Toscano; André Diegues Fernandes; Miguel Mira Da Silva; Flávia Maria Santoro

Addresses: Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001, Lisboa, Portugal; INOV – Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores Inovação, R. Alves Redol 9, 1000-029, Lisboa, Portugal ' Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001, Lisboa, Portugal; INOV – Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores Inovação, R. Alves Redol 9, 1000-029, Lisboa, Portugal ' Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001, Lisboa, Portugal; INOV – Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores Inovação, R. Alves Redol 9, 1000-029, Lisboa, Portugal ' University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Rio de Janeiro, 20550-900, Brazil

Abstract: Critical infrastructures (CIs) are crucial assets for society and the economy, as they are responsible for providing essential goods and services. The interdependence between CIs makes them vulnerable to large-scale cascading disasters that can significantly impact society. Cascading effects in CIs are thus a worthy area of study and research, with considerable interests in terms of resilience and risk management. In this paper, a domain ontology of cascading effects was developed using the systematic approach to ontology construction (SaBiO) methodology, which provides guidelines for developing domain ontologies. A systematic literature review (SLR) was used to obtain information, an essential part of the first phase of SaBiO. This research identified the main concepts in the domain of cascading effects. Additionally, the relations between the concepts were also identified, which were formalised in the proposed ontology. Besides the proposed ontology, a small analysis of the domain of the cascading effects was also performed. The ontology proposed was also validated using real cases of cascading effects events from an organisation.

Keywords: systematic literature review; interdependencies; ontology; critical infrastructures; SaBiO; cascading effects.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCIS.2022.120679

International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, 2022 Vol.18 No.1, pp.79 - 103

Received: 21 Jun 2021
Accepted: 13 Oct 2021

Published online: 31 Jan 2022 *