Title: An empirical assessment of drivers of the informal micro and small enterprises: evidence from the city of Noida, India
Authors: Shagun Bansal; Anjani Kumar Singh
Addresses: Amity Business School, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, India ' Amity Business School, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, India
Abstract: This research paper intends to understand the informality level of informal enterprises and the reason for operating informally. Research was conducted in an industrial location of Noida, India that provides self-employment opportunities. Sampling technique used was stratified random sampling with sample size of 125 informal enterprises. The study was conducted through a structured questionnaire. The data was collected with the help of in-depth interview. The study tried to identify the factors that contribute to inception of informal business activities. The research also includes the challenges in running such enterprise. The research findings depict that majority of informal enterprises did not have access to credit through formal sources. This research concludes that informal enterprises do not have any expansion plan to grow and face major challenges relating to infrastructure and government regulations. The major reasons for informalisation were the lack of knowledge of registration, avoidance of taxes, and shortage of formal employment opportunities. This research work is original and has not been published anywhere else.
Keywords: informal enterprise; entrepreneur; informality; determinants; regulations; corruption; registration; poverty; India.
International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 2022 Vol.23 No.2, pp.196 - 209
Received: 12 May 2020
Accepted: 17 Aug 2020
Published online: 31 Jan 2022 *