Title: The failure of Deep Decarbonising of Europe (DDE) by 2050 in line with the Paris agreement: a losing player analysis

Authors: Majid Asadnabizadeh

Addresses: Department of International Relations, Institute of Political Science and Administration, Maria Curie Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland

Abstract: Some international climate change negotiations result in apparent successes. Others seem to fail or simply flat line. The 2015 Paris Accord reflects a formal global climate change management transition to solve a collective issue by promoting and facilitating transformative Deep DE carbonisation Pathways (DDP). The EU States cannot yet reach the 2050 DE carbonisation plan, which requires cooperation. This paper sets out a structure to help understand the failure and challenges for the EU to develop a deep decarbonised pathway. Existing pieces of literature fail to explain this situation entirely. This article develops a framework - economic interest groups - that focuses on winning and losing players. A plausible answer lies in the process of shaping a coalition against the EU's proposed pathway by 'losing states'. I argue that the presence of losing states explains the failure of the current EU deep DE carbonisation pathway in line with the Paris Agreement.

Keywords: Paris agreement; deep DE carbonisation; European Union; interest groups; losing states.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGEI.2021.118928

International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 2021 Vol.43 No.5/6, pp.522 - 533

Received: 23 Mar 2020
Accepted: 23 Sep 2020

Published online: 08 Nov 2021 *

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