Title: Motivation theory: an application to Saudi Arabia's higher education

Authors: Issam Tlemsani; Maram Alghamdi; Luluwa AlRajhi; Ghada Althaaly; Manal Alshehri

Addresses: The Center of International Business Policy, Malden Road, Surrey KT3 6DR, UK ' Al-Jawharah, Khobar, Dhahran 34754, KSA ' Al-Jawharah, Khobar, Dhahran 34754, KSA ' Al-Jawharah, Khobar, Dhahran 34754, KSA ' Al-Jawharah, Khobar, Dhahran 34754, KSA

Abstract: The main purpose of this research is to contribute to the existing knowledge on motivation theory with an application to Saudi Arabia's higher education. This research is an attempt to find the best theories that can help student performances. The implications of this research is of extreme importance, as it sheds light on one of the most important aspects of a student's success; learning how to motivate them will profoundly benefit not only the student but the kingdom as well. This research tests the extent to which the equity and Maslow's theory of motivation can be used in motivating students in Saudi Arabia. The findings of the study show a direct correlation between students' performance and the extent to which such theories were implemented. Moreover, it emphasises the underlying reasons why such theories are more beneficial than others as well as how Adam's equity theory is not only about analysing inputs/outputs and comparing it with others. And so is Maslow's theory of motivation, they are not simply approaches to motivation, but also powerful tools.

Keywords: motivation theory; higher education; student performances; equity theory; knowledge.

DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2021.116898

International Journal of Knowledge and Learning, 2021 Vol.14 No.3, pp.262 - 274

Received: 05 Jan 2021
Accepted: 29 Jan 2021

Published online: 05 Aug 2021 *

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