Title: Toward a socially-distributed mode of knowledge production: framing the contribution of lay people to scientific research

Authors: Rocco Palumbo; Rosalba Manna; Alexander Douglas

Addresses: Department of Management and Law, University Rome 'Tor Vergata', 00133, Via Columbia, No. 2, Rome (RM), Italy ' Department of Management and Quantitative Methods, University 'Parthenope' of Naples, Via Generale Parisi, 13, 80132, Naples (NA), Italy ' The Management University of Africa, Mbugani Estate, Off Popo Rd, Nairobi, Kenya

Abstract: Lay people involvement is arising as a viable alternative to conventional modes of knowledge generation and dissemination. However, little is known about the roles that lay people may play in scientific research; moreover, management and organisational challenges characterise the implementation of a socially-distributed mode of knowledge production. To shed light into this issue, we performed a realist literature review that involved 81 papers. The study findings suggested that lay people may variously contribute in knowledge co-production; their role depends on the degree of autonomy they have and on the type of relationship they establish with expert scientists. The propensity of expert scientists and lay people to bring diverging inputs in knowledge co-production should be acknowledged and carefully addressed, in order to avoid drawbacks on the knowledge production ability of research institutions. The outcomes of citizen science projects should be assessed from both an economic and a societal point of view.

Keywords: knowledge co-production; citizen science; participatory science; lay scientist; knowledge production modes; socially-distributed knowledge production.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTIS.2021.116851

International Journal of Transitions and Innovation Systems, 2021 Vol.6 No.4, pp.381 - 402

Received: 11 Nov 2019
Accepted: 09 Jan 2020

Published online: 05 Aug 2021 *

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